What is a Convection Oven?

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Many people wonder what is a convection oven and how does it work. These types of ovens are becoming very popular in home kitchens and you will certainly find one in a commercial kitchen, due to its great features. Unlike a regular thermal or radial oven, a convection oven has an extra fan. The fan circulates hot air, thus making the cooking, crisping and browning more even fast. An even browning results in a juicier meat that will look and taste better.

What is a Convection Oven? What is a Convection Oven? Picture

If you are still wondering what is a convection oven, think about your traditional oven that allows the air to randomly circulate. The convection oven fans circulate the air around the food, creating a uniform temperature. They distribute heat evenly and remove the cool air blanket that surrounds food. As a result, the cooking is made at a lower temperature and in less time. Those without fans rely on radiation from the walls and on natural convection caused by the temperature differences to transfer heat.

Moreover, some convection ovens have a radiant heat source at the top and bottom of the chamber, which improves the heat transfer. Others have the heated elements hidden in an outside enclosure to reduce the effect of radiant heat on the food. However, the walls are also heated by the circulating air and some heating by means of radiation still reaches the food, although it is much lower. If you are still don’t know what is a convection oven and why you should get one, take a look at the following advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages

  • Saves time and energy. Most recipes can be cooked in a convection oven for 25% shorter time because the hot air is transferred more efficiently around the food. The temperature at which the food is cooked must also be lowered, which ends up saving energy.
  • The food tastes better. A convection oven makes the cooking more even thus sealing the juices of meat and other ingredients. As a result the food is more moist and tastes better.
  • Cooks more at once. Because the food itself doesn’t interfere with the heat, you can use multiple racks and cook more at once.
  • Broilers. Broiling is a great way of getting grill-like results in the kitchen. Most convection ovens have a broiler incorporated that exposes the food to high heat.
  • Bakes evenly. A convection oven is great for baking pies or cookies that will be more evenly browned. Furthermore, you pastries will be perfect because the heat won’t fuse the flour and butter, allowing it to form flakes.

Disadvantages

At first, cooking with a convection oven will be a little difficult because it will require some adjustments, such as finding the new cook temperature and time. The best way to do this is by trial and error, so you might burn or under-cook the food until you figure it out.

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